Anusha Vable, ScD, MPH

Assistant Professor,
Family Community Medicine

I am a Social Epidemiologist and my research agenda focuses on identifying scalable, population-level solutions to racial and socioeconomic health disparities. In particular, I focus on education and educational interventions and how they impact dementia, cognition, and other diseases of aging. I found that the Korean War GI Bill, which subsidized college education for qualifying veterans, predicted smaller socioeconomic disparities in markers of mental, physical and cognitive health among veterans compared to non-veterans, and that structurally marginalized groups (women, racial minoritized people, and those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds) seem to benefit more from each year of education than structurally advantaged groups (e.g. high socioeconomic status White men). My work to date suggests programs and policies to increase educational attainment could be powerful mechanism to reduce racial and socioeconomic health inequities.

Methodologically, I employ methods from basic linear regression to more sophisticated approaches for identifying causal effects using methods from modern epidemiology, econometrics, and psychometrics. I am especially interested in novel approaches for identifying heterogenous treatment effects (HTEs) such as quantile regression, distributional decomposition, and causal forests (a machine learning technique). HTEs are important for reducing disparities, e.g. when the structurally marginalized group benefits more from the exposure than the advantaged group. I additionally have expertise in matching methods and the measurement of childhood socioeconomic status.

I am especially interested in training the next generation of Social Science researchers and welcome research interns with a range of statistical skills from new learners to those with advanced quantitative skills interested in making a quantitative argument for social change and a more equitable society.

I also organize a monthly happy hour for Bay Area Population Health Researchers, typically on first Fridays; you can add yourself to the listserv here: https://bit.ly/2GlXpyX

Publications: 

Lifecourse Educational Trajectories and Hypertension in Midlife: An Application of Sequence Analysis.

The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences

Duarte CDP, Wannier SR, Cohen AK, Glymour MM, Ream RK, Yen IH, Vable AM

Understanding the benefits of different types and timing of education for mental health: A sequence analysis approach.

The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences

Vable AM, Duarte CDP, Wannier SR, Chan-Golston AM, Cohen AK, Glymour MM, Ream RK, Yen IH

Does the Type and Timing of Educational Attainment Influence Physical Health? A Novel Application of Sequence Analysis.

American journal of epidemiology

Vable AM, Duarte CD, Cohen AK, Glymour MM, Ream RK, Yen IH

Short-term effects of the earned income tax credit on mental health and health behaviors.

Preventive medicine

Collin DF, Shields-Zeeman LS, Batra A, Vable AM, Rehkopf DH, Machen L, Hamad R

Homelessness, housing instability, and abortion outcomes at an urban US abortion clinic.

American journal of obstetrics and gynecology

Orlando MS, Vable AM, Holt K, Wingo E, Newmann S, Shapiro BJ, Borne D, Drey EA, Seidman D

Performance of Matching Methods as Compared With Unmatched Ordinary Least Squares Regression Under Constant Effects.

American journal of epidemiology

Vable AM, Kiang MV, Glymour MM, Rigdon J, Drabo EF, Basu S

Quality and quantity: The association of state-level educational policies with later life cardiovascular disease.

Preventive medicine

Hamad R, Nguyen TT, Glymour MM, Vable A, Manly JJ, Rehkopf DH

Mother's education and late-life disparities in memory and dementia risk among US military veterans and non-veterans.

Journal of epidemiology and community health

Vable AM, Eng CW, Mayeda ER, Basu S, Marden JR, Hamad R, Glymour MM

Trends for Reported Discrimination in Health Care in a National Sample of Older Adults with Chronic Conditions.

Journal of general internal medicine

Nguyen TT, Vable AM, Glymour MM, Nuru-Jeter A

Discrimination in health care and biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk in U.S. adults

Social Science and Medicine Population Health

Nguyen TT, Vable AM, Glymour MM, Nuru-Jeter A

Are There Spillover Effects from the GI Bill? The Mental Health of Wives of Korean War Veterans.

PloS one

Vable AM, Kawachi I, Canning D, Glymour MM, Jimenez MP, Subramanian SV

Can social policy influence socioeconomic disparities? Korean War GI Bill eligibility and markers of depression.

Annals of epidemiology

Vable AM, Canning D, Glymour MM, Kawachi I, Jimenez MP, Subramanian SV

Does the "widowhood effect" precede spousal bereavement? Results from a nationally representative sample of older adults.

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry

Vable AM, Subramanian SV, Rist PM, Glymour MM

Outcomes of the Botswana national HIV/AIDS treatment programme from 2002 to 2010: a longitudinal analysis.

The Lancet. Global health

Farahani M, Vable A, Lebelonyane R, Seipone K, Anderson M, Avalos A, Chadborn T, Tilahun H, Roumis D, Moeti T, Musuka G, Busang L, Gaolathe T, Malefho KC, Marlink R

Short- and long-term associations between widowhood and mortality in the United States: longitudinal analyses.

Journal of public health (Oxford, England)

Moon JR, Glymour MM, Vable AM, Liu SY, Subramanian SV

Combating Obesity at Community Health Centers (COACH): a quality improvement collaborative for weight management programs.

Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

Wilkes AE, John PM, Vable AM, Campbell A, Heuer L, Schaefer C, Vinci L, Drum ML, Chin MH, Quinn MT, Burnet DL

Undergoing transformation to the patient centered medical home in safety net health centers: perspectives from the front lines.

Ethnicity & disease

Quinn MT, Gunter KE, Nocon RS, Lewis SE, Vable AM, Tang H, Park SY, Casalino LP, Huang ES, Birnberg J, Burnet DL, Summerfelt WT, Chin MH

Patient-centered medical home characteristics and staff morale in safety net clinics.

Archives of internal medicine

Lewis SE, Nocon RS, Tang H, Park SY, Vable AM, Casalino LP, Huang ES, Quinn MT, Burnet DL, Summerfelt WT, Birnberg JM, Chin MH

Development of a safety net medical home scale for clinics.

Journal of general internal medicine

Birnberg JM, Drum ML, Huang ES, Casalino LP, Lewis SE, Vable AM, Tang H, Quinn MT, Burnet DL, Summerfelt T, Chin MH

Implications of the new definition of diabetes for health disparities.

Journal of the National Medical Association

Vable AM, Drum ML, Tang H, Chin MH, Lindau ST, Huang ES

Sexuality among middle-aged and older adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes: a national, population-based study.

Diabetes care

Lindau ST, Tang H, Gomero A, Vable A, Huang ES, Drum ML, Qato DM, Chin MH